“Act as though what you do makes a difference. It does.”
William James: Father of American Psychology
William James was a psychologist and philosopher who had a major influence on the development of psychology in the United States. Among his many accomplishments, he was the first to teach a psychology course in the U.S. and is often referred to as the father of American psychology.
James was also known for contributing to functionalism, one of the earliest schools of thought in psychology. His book The Principles of Psychology is considered one of the most classic and influential texts in psychology’s history. He was also the brother the noted writer Henry James and diarist Alice James.
“The art of being wise is the art of knowing what to overlook,” William James once wrote.
To take away from neurology all the discoveries made by Charcot would be to render it unrecognizable — Joseph Babinski1
Jean-Martin Charcot was born in Paris, France in 1825 at a time when the field of Neurology had not been formally recognized as a distinct specialty.2 He was a gifted painter who used his artistic abilities and strong visual memory to make associations about patterns of disease in the field of medicine and anatomy.1 His father, financially limited, decided that the son who performed best amongst the four in school would go on to receive a higher education, a competition that Jean-Martin won, thus providing him the opportunity to enter medical school.3
Mastery of the French, English, German, and Italian languages enabled him to read the medical literature in these languages, which accounted for his well-rounded knowledge of a variety of subjects including gerontology, diseases of the joints and lungs, and the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the nervous system.4